There are some who might be confused on the difference between hyponatremia and alcoholism. Some may interpret them as one and the same. Here is an article that will give light to all your questions about hyponatremia and alcoholism.
What is Hyponatremia?
Hyponatremia is a condition wherein the sodium in the blood is lower than normal.
What Are the Main Causes?
The presence of sodium or salt is mainly found in the fluids of the body, on the outer part of cells. It is important to maintain blood pressure because the sodium is essential for the efficient working of body tissues. This may also include the nerves and body tissues.
When the sodium decreases, the water will move into the cells to balance its level. This may lead to the swelling of cell. The cells in the brain are subtle to swelling that causes to the appearance of hyponatremia’s signs and symptoms.
The imbalance of water to sodium is a result of three hyponatremia conditions such as:
1. Hypovolemic - The condition where there is a loss of both water and sodium in the body. Basically, there is greater amount of sodium loss than water.
2. Hypervolemic – There is an increase of content to both sodium and water but the water increases than sodium.
3. Euvolemic – This condition shows that there is an increase to the total water inside the body. However, the content of sodium remains constant.
Other Symptoms of Hyponatremia
- Heart failure
- Kidney complications
- Burns that mainly affect large part of the body
What is Alcoholism?
Alcoholism is the uncontrollable consumption of liquor. Generally, the desire of an individual to alcohol beverages is irresistible. A person with this condition is no longer aware of the possible health risks he may be facing.
What is the Association of Hyponatremia and Alcoholism?
Based on the studies, the symptoms of hyponatremia have the resemblance to alcoholism. These involve the following:
- Dizziness or nausea
- Muscles weakness
Hyponatremia is mainly about the sodium depletion and this depletion can be acquired though drinking too much alcohol. Most of the symptoms of hyponatremia are due to the side effects of too much consumption of alcohol. People who are under the condition of alcoholism are prone from the depletion of sodium or salt (hyponatremia).
The common body organs that can be affected by too much alcohol content are stomach, pancreas and liver. Alcohol beverages can stop the production of ADH (Antidiuretic Hormone). When this hormone is being constricted, the body will dump water which will be turned into urine. Alcohols have no efficient nutrition so there is no sodium on it. Too much intake of alcohol suppresses the possibility of hyponatremia.
There might be difference between the conditions of Hyponatremia and alcoholism but it cannot be denied that being alcoholic is also being prone to having hyponatremia. Any person who is a heavy drinker of alcohol is not only a potential alcohol addict (alcoholism) but also a potential sufferer of sodium depletion (hyponatremia).