Through the explanation of Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, people are going to realize what it is all about and how it made a significant impact or change to different countries across the globe. This Act had represented a great watershed moment when it comes to the history of Asian Americans. Reversing years of restrictive policies in immigration and systematic exclusion, such Act had ended up with numerous immigrants from Latin America, Mexico, Asia and even some non-western nations that entered the United States.
During the process, the immigrants, most especially from Asia, had transformed the economic, cultural and demographic characteristics of various urban areas. It also includes the bigger community of Asian Americans as well as the mainstream society of America in general.
Understanding the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965
The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 was enacted on the 30th of June 1968 and it is also called as “Hart-Celler Act”. It had abolished National Origins Formula which was in place in the US right from the time when Emergency Quota Act was amended. Emanuel Celler, a representative in New York was the person behind its proposal. It has been co-sponsored by Michigan’s Senator Philip Hart and was promoted by Massachusetts’ Senator Ted Kennedy.
This Hart-Celler Act had also abolished the quota system of the national origins which has been the immigration policy of American since 1920s. It was replaced by the preference system focusing on the family relationship with other citizens or even the US residents and skills of the immigrants. The visas’ numerical restrictions have been set at about 170, 000 each year with the per-country-of-origin quota. This does not include the special immigrants (which include people who were born in the ministers, US employees abroad, former citizens, and independent countries in Western Hemisphere) nor the US citizens’ immediate relatives.
Immigration Act 1965 Origin
The immigration in the United States had been regulated by National Origins system provisions. It was implemented in the year 1924 as the first comprehensive immigration regulations’ set of the US. The system of National Origins had effectively set limitations to the immigrants from Asia into token levels. Such restriction has been consistent when it comes to the overall cultural and political environment during the time when xenophobia and nativism was promoted and tolerated.
But after the second World War, the newest political global landscape raised the United States into an international power position with new concerns and obligations across the globe. The external and internal pressured had pursued the United States to make modification on the National Origins system’s restrictive policies. This has been in order to reflect to the newest political position. At the same time, to bring in the existing leadership role of the country to international stage.
This may only be a very brief information and explanation of Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965. However, these details will represent the entire history of such 1965 Act that had a big impact on both the economic, political and cultural aspects of the country.