Communism is defined as a socioeconomic system structured upon common ownership of the means of production and characterized by the absence of social classes, money and the state. Communism is also a social, political and economic ideology and movement that aims to establish this social order. At the time of its conception and development, communism was more of a school of thought that was developed into an ideology. That ideology became the crux of a movement, which was more of a revolution or protest against the then ruling classes. Eventually, communism found its place as a political alternative to traditional and modern forms of government.
Communism stands for one social order where there is no distinction on the basis of anything. Also, the public owns everything, all natural resources and assets in a country. However, what started as a movement in favor of proletariat and against the bourgeois evolved over time and found itself disintegrated into various forms. Today, there are communist governments in the world that are dictatorial and there are democracies where communist parties thrive. In its nascent days, communism had galvanized the world but today it seems to be out of sync with time. Here are some communism pros and cons.
1. Communism does away with all class systems. No one is royalty. Everyone living in a country has equal access to food, education and health. All resources of a country are that of the state which is governed by a group of people representing the entire mass. The entire population of a country owns everything that is there, excluding what someone may own personally. The basic concept of communism ensures that everyone lives in peace without any fear of an upper class or the ruling elite. Everyone has the right to live their lives with dignity. There are no favors and there are no profit seeking capitalists. In other words, communism ensures welfare of one and all with fear or favor for none.
2. Communism ensures that even the poorest of the poor get educated, have access to basic healthcare and also get food on the table. In regards to employment as well, everyone gets access to equal opportunities and communism promises jobs for all. In communism, everyone is a worker and it strives to have work for everyone at all times. Communism indeed reduces unemployment. The hire and fire system that has become a worldwide phenomenon doesn’t exist and isn’t allowed to exist in communism.
3. Communism paves the way for a safe and strong nation. There is no social disharmony because everyone is the same. Standards of living are similar. There are low crime rates because the laws are strict and the government is firmly in control. The nation also has stricter foreign policies and ways to deal with other nations. The government thinks of the entire population when a certain decision is made, which allows no favors for anyone. Instead, the money spent is used on welfare of the entire populace.
1. Communism doesn’t shed much light on the rulers of the masses. Communism can be endorsed in any political scenario. A dictatorial government may be ideologically communist and even a democratically elected government can be that of communists. Democratically elected governments can have some substantiation since the people are participating in the process of electing their representatives. In dictatorial scenarios, communism doesn’t explain why people would not choose their leaders and by what virtue the ruling communists have attained that place.
2. Communism is not only anti capitalism but it is also anti ambition. There is little room to be ambitious. Since everyone is the same, no one is expected to do something out of the ordinary. Personal development or growth is not what people should strive for in a communist regime.
3. Communism fuels poverty, it actually ends up creating an employment problem due to lack of industrial growth, there is little technological, cultural and social evolution and financial growth is also confined to certain sectors that are encouraged by the state.
4. Communism can be just as corrupt as capitalism. History has provided enough evidence of communist parties or regimes becoming a coterie of people where only the close-knit group of influential political leaders benefits from communism. They often end up living in lavish homes and live life in a much better and more luxurious way than the normal people. It is ironic as communism attempts to establish that everyone should have similar lives, just as they are all equal in a society, and then the leaders of such a communist society end up living like royalties.
5. Communism muzzles the voice of the people. There is no free media. The government or the rulers of the state are omnipotent and omnipresent. The state intervenes in almost everything which almost becomes or exceeds stifling the freedom of the citizens.