There are many different forms of government and depending on the country in question, the type of system in power might differ. A dictatorship is a form of autocratic government where one ruler has ultimate power. This individual that has ultimate power in a dictatorship is referred to as the dictator. The type of dictatorship in power can take on various forms depending on the century that you are referring to. In the past, many dictatorships had different types of power and sometimes ruled without the consent of the governed. America was formed on the basis of freedom under a democratic government. This need for people to have the right to vote representatives into power came from the need to breakaway from dictatorships. Before you write off all dictatorships as negative, it is important to look at this form of government form a new viewpoint.
What Are the Pros of Dictatorships?
1. Stable Government
Since one person has ultimate power and full control this type of government is often more stable than others. The decision making is left up to only one dictator and it is his opinion that counts. Others do not have a say and frequent elections do not disturb the power that is in place. Democracy leads to constant change, but dictatorship leads to stability that is not possible in other governing systems.
2. Lesser Crime Rate
This might be a shocking benefit of a dictatorship, but those countries with this form of government often see lower crime rates. This is due to the fact that dictatorships often coincide with police states. This means that lower crime rates normally happen during these regimes. Since the dictator in power has final say in all laws, it is also easier for laws and regulations to be passed and mandated. All of this combines to create a lower crime rate.
3. Expedited Process
Most governments move slowly with all decisions having to move down the chain of command, but this is not the case with dictatorships. Everything happens very quickly in a dictatorship and the slow process of government is not a concern. This allows for a very efficient government in a time of crisis and also allows for less corruption among those government officials. A dictator is very strict will all rules and odes not allow those working under him to break laws.
What Are the Cons of Dictatorships?
1. Too Much Power
Giving just one person ultimate power and control is not ideal and leads to future problems and unrest. The dictator has the ability to make decisions that affect the people in every way. The worst part about a dictatorship is that the people do not consent to being ruled. This leads to poor distribution of wealth and a society that is not united. Having just one dictator in power that has no limitations is a recipe for disaster.
2. Do Not Last
Dictatorships do not have a very fond history. This is due to the fact that giving this type of ultimate power and control to one ruler often never ends well. Eventually the people will become oppressed and will rise up against the dictator that is in power. Most dictators take too much control and do not know when to stop, which leads to unrest. This form of government often does not stand the test of time and has a high probability of being overthrown.
Contrast to Democracy
Before you take a closer look at the pros and cons associated with dictatorships, you need to understand that dictatorships are basically a direct contrast to democracy. In a democratic government the power to rule the people is given by the people, but dictatorships are completely different. The power to rule is often not consented upon by the people that are being ruled. Since the right to rule in a dictatorship is not given by the people, it is also not limited by the people in any capacity. The power or control of the government in a dictatorship often threatens to control all aspects of everyday life.
How is it Viewed?
It is not surprising that the majority of people view dictatorship negatively. Thos that see dictatorships as beneficial are often those that are benefiting from the power that this form of government has. Before you join with the majority of others and label dictatorships as detrimental, it is important that you take a look at both the pros and cons. Even though there are many downsides to dictatorships, there are also a few benefits that might somewhat surprise you.