National security is a big issue. Regardless of the country you live in, being able to protect your independence, your ways of life, and your citizens is a pressing concern for individuals in government capable of making decisions. So how far should countries take their national security? When is enough protection actually enough?
Nuclear weapons, developed in the 20th century, have helped to redefine how nations conceptualize their foreign security. With countries gaining the ability to completely annihilate other countries as well as theoretically bring about a nuclear winter that destroys most of humanity in the process, the acquisition, construction, and use of these weapons have been strictly controlled. Seen as a serious push towards non-proliferation, many countries have been working to stop other countries from getting their hands on these weapons. So what is Nuclear Proliferation and what are some of the pros and cons of providing other countries with these weapons? Lets find out.
The Pros of Nuclear Proliferation
1. Can Make Wars A Thing Of The Past
One of the greatest reasons why people support Nuclear Proliferation is that every country should have the right to protect itself. With Nuclear Proliferation, every country can have its own nuclear weapons in which to use as a treat against countries working against its interest. World Wars will become a thing of the past as mutual destruction will keep countries from ever using the weapons they have. For the first time in history, countries will have a security they never before experienced.
2. Can Help To Create An Industry
Nuclear Proliferation can help to create more American industry around the mining, parts construction, and weapon construction. Selling our goods on a global market, we could increase our personal wealth and create skilled jobs for Americans in the United States. Given our past experience making weapons of mass destruction, we could also create an industry from how to properly store and house these materials.
The Cons of Nuclear Proliferation
1. Increases The Chances of Weapons Falling Into The Wrong Hands
With Nuclear Proliferation comes a greater chance that these weapons will fall into the wrong hands. When considering terrorism and the amount of damage a single one of these bombs can do it detonated in a city, many advocates have come out strongly against Nuclear Proliferation. The level of security some countries possess is also not deemed good enough to adequately protect the weapons from falling into the wrong hands. When paired with unstable governments capable of radical regime changes, the chances of these weapons being sold on the black market increase.
2. Increases The Risk of Accidental Detonation
Along with the chance that these weapons might fall into the wrong hands, there is also a chance of accidental detonation. No automated system is fool proof and human error occurs regularly enough that there were several close calls during the Cold War between the United States and Russia. With Nuclear Proliferation active and more countries getting nuclear weapons, the chances of something going wrong accidentally increase dramatically. Once something does go wrong, there is also the chance of it accidentally starting a world war. All of this culminates in widespread radiation, an increase in those being effected by cancers, a lack of sunlight, wide spread crop death, and even starvation. If a bomb goes off in the upper atmosphere, then the effects on the World’s population will be even worse.
3. Costs A Great Deal of Money to Create, House, and Store
Nuclear weapons are not easily created. They require access to the raw materials, which may require local mining. There is the technology and resources that must be spent enriching the material to the point that it is weapons grade. Once complete, there are the various tools and mechanical components that must be manufactured in order to make an effective bomb, as well as the resources that will have to be spent housing all of the radioactive waste created. Finally, these weapons will have to be stored safely in such a way as to not accidentally detonate or be stolen. All told, this requires a significant investment of man power, time, money, and resources. With such a high cost, many countries see nuclear proliferation as a curse more then a blessing.
What Exactly is Nuclear Proliferation?
Generally speaking, Nuclear Proliferation is the spread of nuclear weapons to those countries not a part of the original 5 Nuclear Weapon States (US, France, Great Britain, Russia, and China.) Whether sold through the market or provided as part of a defense treaty or general foreign policy, Nuclear Proliferation opens up a giant can of worms regarding nation security, the threat of a nuclear holocaust, and much more. With that in mind, lets examine the pros and cons of Nuclear Proliferation.