The Dream Act has been one of the most hotly debated issues in contemporary history. The Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act, which is aptly abbreviated as Dream Act, has numerous advantages but it is not without its share of challenges, rather disadvantages. The public opinion is clearly divided. There are many who find the act to be completely viable and also necessary while there are many on the other side putting forth the various cons of the initiative. Healthy debate is always good and it contributes to strengthening a policy by plugging the potential loopholes. While a discussion on the Dream Act pros and cons may not have any bearing on policy making, it is always worthwhile to know what’s in store or how the act can be used and misused.
Almost every policy will have certain benefits and some challenges. What one has to watch out for is if the advantages or pros outweigh the disadvantages or cons. From welfare schemes to the Dream Act, there are positive and negative impacts of all programs. Here’s a quick assessment of the Dream Act pros and cons.
1. United States is currently the most favored or preferred destination country for immigrants. Russia is a distant second with less than half of immigrants’ influx in the vast country. With more than forty million people immigrating to the United States, the Dream Act is potentially targeting a large number of people, more significantly because the intended beneficiaries are minors. Illegal immigrants too get an opportunity to remain in the country without having to go through the stringent procedures of acquiring citizenship.
2. There will be a positive impact on tax revenues. As more people open up jobs and some set up businesses as a byproduct of the Dream Act, there will be an increase in tax revenues.
3. Not all illegal immigrants create trouble but some certainly do. With immigrants qualifying to resort to legal measures due to the Dream Act, they would seek help from the justice system and that can help in identifying the wrongdoers among immigrants instead of painting the entire immigrant population with the same brush. Besides, deportation would become much easier since immigrants would help in identifying and locating the wrongdoers which otherwise would take a lot of ransacking. The funds and resources that are usually invested to track down immigrants and to follow up the formal procedures, can now be redirected to more pressing problems such as tackling security threats and terrorists. Making immigrants accountable is one of the great advantages of the Dream Act.
4. The Dream Act will allow families to remain in the country which otherwise would have been split depending on who can stay in the country and who cannot. Contributing to help families stay together is certainly a positive influence on society.
5. The Dream Act will allow many immigrants to take up jobs which otherwise would remain vacant. Not only would those jobs get filled up and immigrants get to earn a pleasant livelihood but it would do a lot of good to the economy of the country. Presently, there are many types of jobs that Americans don’t want.
6. The Dream Act is an empowering act, which offers the path to self sufficiency. Millions of people who immigrate to the United States are otherwise exposed to wrongdoings and they often try to chart out unjust courses. They don’t always achieve self sufficiency or a desirable eventuality. This Act will certainly change things in that perspective.
7. The Dream Act prepares the minor immigrants for the challenges ahead and that can always have a positive impact. Students who would get jobs, start their businesses or contribute in one of the many ways, just as American youth does, will add trillions of dollars in tax revenues. The economy of the country would grow and so would its talent pool or manpower resources.
1. The Dream Act offers immigrants a way to break the law, just as it allows them to get recognized and be supported by the state.
2. Millions of people have complied with the stringent rules and qualifying criteria of citizenship and this Act seems to be unfair for them.
3. There is no certainty as to how the entire rollout will affect the immigration scenario. Innumerable people will start to immigrate to the United States. There would be a flooding of immigrants even before the Act becomes enforceable. Overcrowding or overpopulation would certainly be one of the fallouts. Cities, towns and even states may be hard pressed for basic resources. There will be an immediate impact on the environment, infrastructure and economy.
4. Tax revenues would increase over time. The costs would increase immediately. Healthcare spending would increase, the budget allocated for supporting education initiatives would exponentially increase and spending on security would skyrocket too.
5. The Dream Act may end up adversely affecting the American culture. There may be dearth of jobs, which could bring down wages or salaries and benefits.
6. Terrorist organizations, mafia, organized crime bosses and all kinds of criminals may find ways to exploit the Act.